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Record Information
Creation Date2016-05-26 06:14:14 UTC
Update Date2016-11-09 01:21:22 UTC
Accession NumberCHEM035750
Common NameLactosylceramide (d18:1/25:0)
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionLactosylceramide (d18:1/25:0) is a lactosylceramide or LacCer. Lactosylceramides are the most important and abundant of the diosylceramides. Lactosylceramides (LacCer) were originally called 'cytolipin H'. It is found in small amounts only in most animal tissues, but it has a number of significant biological functions and it is of great importance as the biosynthetic precursor of most of the neutral oligoglycosylceramides, sulfatides and gangliosides. In animal tissues, biosynthesis of lactosylceramide involves addition of the second monosaccharides unit (galactose) as its nucleotide derivative to monoglucosylceramide, catalysed by a specific beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase on the lumenal side of the Golgi apparatus. The glucosylceramide precursor must first cross from the cytosolic side of the membrane, possibly via the action of a flippase. The lactosylceramide produced can be further glycosylated or transferred to the plasma membrane. Lactosylceramide may assist in stabilizing the plasma membrane and activating receptor molecules in the special micro-domains or rafts, as with the cerebrosides. It may also have its own specialized function in the immunological system in that it is known to bind to specific bacteria. In addition, it is believed that a number of pro-inflammatory factors activate lactosylceramide synthase to generate lactosylceramide, which in turn activates "oxygen-sensitive" signalling pathways that affect such cellular processes as proliferation, adhesion, migration and angiogenesis. Dysfunctions in these pathways can affect several diseases of the cardiovascular system, cancer and inflammatory states, so lactosylceramide metabolism is a potential target for new therapeutic treatments. beta-D-Galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide is the second to last step in the synthesis of N-Acylsphingosine and is converted from Glucosylceramide via the enzyme beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 6(EC:2.4.1.-). It can be converted to Glucosylceramide via the enzyme beta-galactosidase (EC: [HMDB]
Contaminant Sources
  • FooDB Chemicals
Contaminant TypeNot Available
Chemical Structure
CDW17 AntigenHMDB
Cytolipin HHMDB
Lactosyl ceramide (D18:1/25:0)HMDB
N-Lignoceryl sphingosyl lactosideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC55H105NO13
Average Molecular Mass988.421 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass987.759 g/mol
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
IUPAC NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]pentacosanamide
Traditional NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]pentacosanamide
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C55H105NO13/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25-27-29-31-33-35-37-39-47(60)56-43(44(59)38-36-34-32-30-28-26-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2)42-66-54-52(65)50(63)53(46(41-58)68-54)69-55-51(64)49(62)48(61)45(40-57)67-55/h36,38,43-46,48-55,57-59,61-65H,3-35,37,39-42H2,1-2H3,(H,56,60)/b38-36+/t43-,44+,45+,46+,48-,49-,50+,51+,52?,53+,54+,55-/m0/s1
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycosyl-n-acylsphingosines. Glycosyl-N-acylsphingosines are compounds containing a sphingosine linked to a simple glucosyl moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassGlycosphingolipids
Direct ParentGlycosyl-N-acylsphingosines
Alternative Parents
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • Fatty acyl glycoside of mono- or disaccharide
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Disaccharide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Oxane
  • Fatty acyl
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginNot Available
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
AppearanceNot Available
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
SolubilityNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.0019 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.92ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count13ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area227.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count45ChemAxon
Refractivity272.01 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability122.72 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)Not Available
Uses/SourcesNot Available
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Not Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023469
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
Chemspider ID16744890
ChEBI IDNot Available
PubChem Compound ID20057313
Kegg Compound IDC01290
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDSNot Available
General References
1. Nicolaou, K. C.; Caulfield, T.; Kataoka, H.; Kumazawa, T. A practical and enantioselective synthesis of glycosphingolipids and related compounds. Total synthesis of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3). Journal of the American Chemical Society (1988), 110(23), 791
2. Moore RM, Silver RJ, Moore JJ: Physiological apoptotic agents have different effects upon human amnion epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Placenta. 2003 Feb-Mar;24(2-3):173-80.
3. Prinetti A, Basso L, Appierto V, Villani MG, Valsecchi M, Loberto N, Prioni S, Chigorno V, Cavadini E, Formelli F, Sonnino S: Altered sphingolipid metabolism in N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-retinamide-resistant A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells. J Biol Chem. 2003 Feb 21;278(8):5574-83. Epub 2002 Dec 16.
4. Furukawa K, Takamiya K, Furukawa K: Beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase--GM2/GD2 synthase: a key enzyme to control the synthesis of brain-enriched complex gangliosides. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Dec 19;1573(3):356-62.
5. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30.
6. Choudhury A, Dominguez M, Puri V, Sharma DK, Narita K, Wheatley CL, Marks DL, Pagano RE: Rab proteins mediate Golgi transport of caveola-internalized glycosphingolipids and correct lipid trafficking in Niemann-Pick C cells. J Clin Invest. 2002 Jun;109(12):1541-50.
7. Ledvinova J, Poupetova H, Hanackova A, Pisacka M, Elleder M: Blood group B glycosphingolipids in alpha-galactosidase deficiency (Fabry disease): influence of secretor status. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Apr 1;1345(2):180-7.
8. Hulkova H, Ledvinova J, Asfaw B, Koubek K, Kopriva K, Elleder M: Lactosylceramide in lysosomal storage disorders: a comparative immunohistochemical and biochemical study. Virchows Arch. 2005 Jul;447(1):31-44. Epub 2005 May 26.
9. Komagome R, Sawa H, Suzuki T, Suzuki Y, Tanaka S, Atwood WJ, Nagashima K: Oligosaccharides as receptors for JC virus. J Virol. 2002 Dec;76(24):12992-3000.
10. Sharma DK, Brown JC, Cheng Z, Holicky EL, Marks DL, Pagano RE: The glycosphingolipid, lactosylceramide, regulates beta1-integrin clustering and endocytosis. Cancer Res. 2005 Sep 15;65(18):8233-41.
11. Takizawa M, Nomura T, Wakisaka E, Yoshizuka N, Aoki J, Arai H, Inoue K, Hattori M, Matsuo N: cDNA cloning and expression of human lactosylceramide synthase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 May 18;1438(2):301-4.
12. Sala G, Dupre T, Seta N, Codogno P, Ghidoni R: Increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids in congenital disorder of glycosylation Ia (CDG-Ia) fibroblasts. Pediatr Res. 2002 Nov;52(5):645-51.