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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-05-19 01:54:46 UTC
Update Date2016-11-09 01:09:25 UTC
Accession NumberCHEM004782
Identification
Common NameASPARAGUS, SEED AND ROOT, EXTRACT
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionPrasterone, also known as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a major C19 steroid produced by the adrenal cortex. It is also produced in small quantities in the testis and the ovary. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) can be converted to testosterone; androstenedione; estradiol; and estrone. Most of DHEA is sulfated (dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) before secretion. In the United States, DHEA or DHEAS have been advertised with claims that they may be beneficial for a wide variety of ailments. DHEA and DHEAS are readily available in the United States, where they are marketed as over-the-counter dietary supplements. In November 2016, DHEA was approved (as Intrarosa) to treat women experiencing moderate to severe pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia), a symptom of vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA), due to menopause. In Canada, a prescription is required to buy DHEA.
Contaminant Sources
  • EAFUS Chemicals
Contaminant TypeNot Available
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-BETA-HYDROXY-5-androsten-17-oneChEBI
3beta-Hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-oneChEBI
DehydroisoandrosteroneChEBI
DHAChEBI
DHEAChEBI
IntrarosaChEBI
PrasteroneChEBI
BiolaifKegg
3-b-HYDROXY-5-androsten-17-oneGenerator
3-Β-hydroxy-5-androsten-17-oneGenerator
3b-Hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-oneGenerator
3Β-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-oneGenerator
(+)-DehydroisoandrosteroneHMDB
(3-beta)-3-Hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-oneHMDB
(3beta)-3-Hydroxy-androst-5-en-17-oneHMDB
(3beta,16alpha)-3,16-Dihydroxy-androst-5-en-17-oneHMDB
17-ChetovisHMDB
17-HormoforinHMDB
3-beta-Hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-oneHMDB
3b-Hydroxy-D5-androsten-17-oneHMDB
3beta-Hydroxy-5-androsten-17-oneHMDB
3beta-Hydroxy-androst-5-en-17-oneHMDB
3beta-Hydroxy-D5-androsten-17-oneHMDB
5,6-DehydroisoandrosteroneHMDB
5,6-DidehydroisoandrosteroneHMDB
5-Androsten-3-beta-ol-17-oneHMDB
5-Androsten-3b-ol-17-oneHMDB
5-Androsten-3beta-ol-17-oneHMDB
5-Dehydro-epiandrosteroneHMDB
5-DehydroepiandrosteroneHMDB
AndrestenolHMDB
Androst-5-ene-3b-ol-17-oneHMDB
Androst-5-ene-3beta-ol-17-oneHMDB
Androsten-3beta-ol-17-oneHMDB
AndrostenoloneHMDB
AstenileHMDB
D5-Androsten-3b-ol-17-oneHMDB
D5-Androsten-3beta-ol-17-oneHMDB
DeandrosHMDB
Dehydro-epi-androsteroneHMDB
DiandronHMDB
DiandroneHMDB
HydroxyandrostenoneHMDB
PrasteronaHMDB
PrasteronumHMDB
PrestaraHMDB
PsicosteroneHMDB
trans-DehydroandrosteroneHMDB
Prasterone, 3 alpha-isomerHMDB
5 Androsten 3 beta hydroxy 17 oneHMDB
5-Androsten-3-beta-hydroxy-17-oneHMDB
5 Androsten 3 ol 17 oneHMDB
Prasterone, 3 alpha isomerHMDB
5-Androsten-3-ol-17-oneHMDB
EM-760DehydroandrosteroneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H28O2
Average Molecular Mass288.424 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass288.209 g/mol
CAS Registry Number977082-96-4
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,15S)-5-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-one
Traditional Name(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,15S)-5-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-one
SMILES[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2C[C@@]([H])(O)CC[C@]12C
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C19H28O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h3,13-16,20H,4-11H2,1-2H3/t13-,14-,15-,16-,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyFMGSKLZLMKYGDP-USOAJAOKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassAndrostane steroids
Direct ParentAndrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginNot Available
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
AppearanceNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
SolubilityNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.044 g/LALOGPS
logP3.53ALOGPS
logP3.36ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity84.66 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability34.1 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 MEOX; 1 TMS)splash10-004i-4920000000-9dc14963a290268534b8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-004i-3910000000-2bbc760dbeb7f9f1ebfcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-Bsplash10-0abi-1790000000-52f5e67bc4d1fab73561View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-022a-1229000000-5fc1bd40299ad859ad1cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0fk9-0190000000-66ac82624767dc6821e5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0w90-1690000000-b3a231fc509b7a34e09cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-08gj-1930000000-309dc082cc36ec9dcd8cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-06sj-2910000000-378638f2a861c948f79dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0536-3900000000-72e80e1a07c4d3a40a7aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0036-4900000000-26c8272483a80d1b5eabView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-000i-0290000000-1a3588ca5d5bacb9ad30View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0bta-3920000000-2df257db43df6cc86570View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00dr-0090000000-89da8cb383a0718d9033View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dr-0390000000-e6efd70cef2520255bf5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udm-4690000000-e304b251e97b02f672adView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00dr-0090000000-89da8cb383a0718d9033View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dr-0390000000-e6efd70cef2520255bf5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udm-4690000000-e304b251e97b02f672adView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-7498c93972acc3c16404View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-d3ddffc56e91bed39fc4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-2190000000-15aba54ba135047ffe9aView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0a4l-6940000000-948ad487c238d48aa9beView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)Not Available
Uses/SourcesNot Available
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDDB01708
HMDB IDHMDB0000077
FooDB IDFDB021808
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG ID37131
BioCyc ID3-BETA-HYDROXYANDROST-5-EN-17-ONE
METLIN ID5133
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDehydroepiandrosterone
Chemspider ID8036443
ChEBI ID28689
PubChem Compound ID5881
Kegg Compound IDC01227
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDSNot Available
General References
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2. Courant F, Antignac JP, Laille J, Monteau F, Andre F, Le Bizec B: Exposure assessment of prepubertal children to steroid endocrine disruptors. 2. Determination of steroid hormones in milk, egg, and meat samples. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 May 14;56(9):3176-84. doi: 10.1021/jf800096f. Epub 2008 Apr 16.
3. Melzer N, Wittenburg D, Hartwig S, Jakubowski S, Kesting U, Willmitzer L, Lisec J, Reinsch N, Repsilber D: Investigating associations between milk metabolite profiles and milk traits of Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Mar;96(3):1521-34. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-5743.
4. Nguyen Xuan Cuong; Nguyen Van Dan. Synthesis of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHA) from 16-dehydropregnenolone acetate (DPA). Tap Chi Duoc Hoc (1983), (4), 12-14.
5. Robinzon B, Michael KK, Ripp SL, Winters SJ, Prough RA: Glucocorticoids inhibit interconversion of 7-hydroxy and 7-oxo metabolites of dehydroepiandrosterone: a role for 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases? Arch Biochem Biophys. 2003 Apr 15;412(2):251-8.
6. Rao MS, Subbarao V, Yeldandi AV, Reddy JK: Hepatocarcinogenicity of dehydroepiandrosterone in the rat. Cancer Res. 1992 May 15;52(10):2977-9.
7. Saruc M, Yuceyar H, Ayhan S, Turkel N, Tuzcuoglu I, Can M: The association of dehydroepiandrosterone, obesity, waist-hip ratio and insulin resistance with fatty liver in postmenopausal women--a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic insulin clamp study. Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 May-Jun;50(51):771-4.
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9. Gordon GB, Bush TL, Helzlsouer KJ, Miller SR, Comstock GW: Relationship of serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate to the risk of developing postmenopausal breast cancer. Cancer Res. 1990 Jul 1;50(13):3859-62.
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11. Weill-Engerer S, David JP, Sazdovitch V, Liere P, Schumacher M, Delacourte A, Baulieu EE, Akwa Y: In vitro metabolism of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to 7alpha-hydroxy-DHEA and Delta5-androstene-3beta,17beta-diol in specific regions of the aging brain from Alzheimer's and non-demented patients. Brain Res. 2003 Apr 18;969(1-2):117-25.
12. Finlay EM, Morton MS, Gaskell SJ: Identification and quantification of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate in saliva. Steroids. 1982 Jan;39(1):63-71.
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14. Prost O, Nicollier M, Laurent R, Adessi GL: Estrone- and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfatase activities in human female epidermis. Arch Dermatol Res. 1985;277(3):195-200.
15. Friess E, Schiffelholz T, Steckler T, Steiger A: Dehydroepiandrosterone--a neurosteroid. Eur J Clin Invest. 2000 Dec;30 Suppl 3:46-50.
16. Hakkinen A, Pakarinen A, Hannonen P, Kautiainen H, Nyman K, Kraemer WJ, Hakkinen K: Effects of prolonged combined strength and endurance training on physical fitness, body composition and serum hormones in women with rheumatoid arthritis and in healthy controls. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2005 Jul-Aug;23(4):505-12.
17. Shackleton C, Malunowicz E: Apparent pregnene hydroxylation deficiency (APHD): seeking the parentage of an orphan metabolome. Steroids. 2003 Oct;68(9):707-17.
18. Kim SB, Hill M, Kwak YT, Hampl R, Jo DH, Morfin R: Neurosteroids: Cerebrospinal fluid levels for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia diagnostics. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Nov;88(11):5199-206.
19. Chalbot S, Morfin R: Human liver S9 fractions: metabolism of dehydroepiandrosterone, epiandrosterone, and related 7-hydroxylated derivatives. Drug Metab Dispos. 2005 Apr;33(4):563-9. Epub 2005 Jan 13.
20. Miller KK, Cai J, Ripp SL, Pierce WM Jr, Rushmore TH, Prough RA: Stereo- and regioselectivity account for the diversity of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) metabolites produced by liver microsomal cytochromes P450. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 Mar;32(3):305-13.
21. Martina V, Benso A, Gigliardi VR, Masha A, Origlia C, Granata R, Ghigo E: Short-term dehydroepiandrosterone treatment increases platelet cGMP production in elderly male subjects. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Mar;64(3):260-4.
22. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9.
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24. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20.
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