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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2009-03-27 01:59:27 UTC
Update Date2016-11-09 01:08:20 UTC
Accession NumberCHEM000674
Identification
Common NameZinc silicofluoride
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionZinc silicofluoride is a fluoride of zinc. Zinc is a metallic element with the atomic number 30. It is found in nature most often as the mineral sphalerite. Though excess zinc in harmful, in smaller amounts it is an essential element for life, as it is a cofactor for over 300 enzymes and is found in just as many transcription factors. (3, 4)
Contaminant Sources
  • Clean Air Act Chemicals
  • T3DB toxins
Contaminant Type
  • Fluoride Compound
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metalloid
  • Synthetic Compound
  • Zinc Compound
Chemical Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaF6SiZn
Average Molecular Mass207.485 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass205.896 g/mol
CAS Registry Number16871-71-9
IUPAC Namedifluorozinc; tetrafluorosilane
Traditional Namesilicon tetrafluoride; zinc fluoride
SMILESF[Zn]F.F[Si](F)(F)F
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/F4Si.2FH.Zn/c1-5(2,3)4;;;/h;2*1H;/q;;;+2/p-2
InChI KeyWHTCETABRQYYES-UHFFFAOYSA-L
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as metalloid fluorides. These are inorganic compounds in which the largest halogen atom is fluorine, and the heaviest metal atom is a metalloid.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassMixed metal/non-metal compounds
ClassMetalloid salts
Sub ClassMetalloid fluorides
Direct ParentMetalloid fluorides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Metalloid fluoride
  • Inorganic salt
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External DescriptorsNot Available
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
AppearanceWhite crystals.
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
SolubilityNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP0.91ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity6.01 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability3.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0090000000-f64d42d04f27b1a75f08View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0090000000-f64d42d04f27b1a75f08View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0090000000-f64d42d04f27b1a75f08View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-4296a097884d39fb3c3cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-4296a097884d39fb3c3cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-4296a097884d39fb3c3cView in MoNA
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureInhalation (4) ; oral (4) ; dermal (4)
Mechanism of ToxicityAnaemia results from the excessive absorption of zinc suppressing copper and iron absorption, most likely through competitive binding of intestinal mucosal cells. Unbalanced levels of copper and zinc binding to Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase has been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Stomach acid dissolves metallic zinc to give corrosive zinc chloride, which can cause damage to the stomach lining. Metal fume fever is thought to be an immune response to inhaled zinc. (3, 4, 1)
MetabolismZinc can enter the body through the lungs, skin, and gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal absorption of zinc is controlled by zinc carrier protein CRIP. Zinc also binds to metallothioneins, which help prevent absorption of excess zinc. Zinc is widely distributed and found in all tissues and tissues fluids, concentrating in the liver, gastrointestinal tract, kidney, skin, lung, brain, heart, and pancreas. In the bloodstream zinc is found bound to carbonic anhydrase in erythrocytes, as well as bound to albumin, _2-macroglobulin, and amino acids in the the plasma. Albumin and amino acid bound zinc can diffuse across tissue membranes. Zinc is excreted in the urine and faeces. (4)
Toxicity ValuesLD50: 100 mg/kg (Oral, Guinea pig) (2)
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/SourcesNot Available
Minimum Risk LevelIntermediate Oral: 0.3 mg/kg/day (6) Chronic Oral: 0.3 mg/kg/day (6)
Health EffectsChronic exposure to zinc causes anemia, atazia, lethargy, and decreases the level of good cholesterol in the body. It is also believed to cause pancreatic and reproductive damage. (4)
SymptomsIngestion of large doses of zinc causes stomach cramps, nausea, and vomiting. Acute inhalation of large amounts of zinc causes metal fume fever, which is characterized by chills, fever, headache, weakness, dryness of the nose and throat, chest pain, and coughing. Dermal contact with zinc results in skin irritation. (4)
TreatmentZinc poisoning is treated symptomatically, often by administering fluids such as water or milk, or with gastric lavage. (4)
Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
PubChem Compound ID56846323
Kegg Compound IDNot Available
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDSNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available